AFRICA3 Turkey’s Expanding Military Presence in Africa5 Foreign Forces in Africa6 Mali’s Civil Protection Challenge7 Why Can’t Kenyan Forces Defeat al-Shabaab in Kenya?8 The Destabilizing Stability Doctrine9 Abubakar Shekau…Dead Man Running10 The Risk of the “Somalization” of the Sahel11 Boko Haram Psyop on Chibok Girls Continue12 Conflict, Cash, and Cholera13 Namibia: Hangry SoldiersMIDDLE EAST, NORTH AFRICA14 Turkey Eyes Police/Military Cooperation with Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan15 Egypt-Turkey Friction Over Political Order in the “LevantBasin”17 Iran: Warship Sinks after Mishap18 Iran: Telegram Giving Data to US and Israel18 Iran Develops UAS with “Smart Bomb” Capability19 Iran: US Sponsoring Islamic State in Afghanistan20 Iran: Winning Hearts and Minds in Deir Ezzor22 Raqqa’s MinefieldsLATIN AMERICA24 Military Training Key to Panama’s Success in Counter DrugOperations25 Venezuela Continues to Disappear26 Venezuela’s PDVSA on the Verge of Collapse, Deepeningthe Country’s Economic Crisis27 Colombian Urban What-Is-Wrong List28 What Did FARC Leaders Expect?29 Peruvian Cocaine Production Associated with PossibleShining Path Resurgence?30 Cuba to Build Massive Windfarms with Chinese Assistance31 Mexican Army Seizes Claymore Mines, Rifles, and Drugs inTamaulipas
The Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is part of the US Army Training and Doctrine Command G-2, whose mission is to Understand, Describe, Deliver, and Assess the conditions of the Operational Environment. For over 30 years, FMSO has conducted open source research on foreign perspectives of defense and security issues, emphasizing those topics that are understudied or unconsidered.
Operational Environment Watch provides translated selections and commentary from a diverse range of foreign media that our analysts and expert contributors believe will give security professionals an added dimension to their critical thinking about the Operational Environment.
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Regional Analysts and Expert Contributors
AfricaRobert FeldmanJacob ZennDodge Billingsley Latin AmericaGeoff DemarestBrenda FiegelZach Kelsay
Editor-in-Chief - Tom WilhelmEditor - Matthew SteinDesign Editor - Lucas WinterMobile Design - Thomas Tolare
Asia-PacificCindy HurstNan LiSpencer ShanksPeter WoodJacob Zenn Caucasus, Central and South AsiaSudha RamachandranMatthew SteinCindy Hurst